Scottish Jewellery is a great passion for me. I was born in Perth and all things Scottish were part of my upbringing. Studying the symbols of Scotland is interesting too. Take the Thistle.
The Scottish Thistle is the oldest recorded ‘National Flower’ and is probably one of the most well-known, and easily recognised symbols of Scotland.
But although it may look familiar, you probably don’t know the legends that surround it’s adoption as a national Scottish emblem.
A humble weed might seem an odd symbolic choice, but really what could be better than a native-born plant which is as bold as it is beautiful?
There’s a rich history and several legends surrounding the thistle, and we’ll take a closer look at some of it right here.
This resilient little weed has always bloomed across Scotland’s landscape, but it wasn’t until the 13th century that it’s place in the country’s symbolism and written history began.
One of the best-known thistle legends takes place in the mid 13th century during a surprise invasion by the soldiers of the Norse king, Haakon, at Largs (one of western Scotland’s coastal towns).
The story has it that after coming ashore, this Viking force planned to creep up on the Scottish Clansmen and Highlanders and overcome them while they slept.
This amount of stealth required that they go barefoot – which proved to be their undoing.
Unfortunately for these unwary invaders, one of their soldiers bare feet came down hard on a Scottish thistle and his cries of shock and pain were enough to wake the sleeping Scots.
Leaping to their feet, the clansmen charged into battle and the rest, as they say, is history… and yes, the fiery Scots were victorious.
Legend has it that because of the heroic role the plant played in the outcome of the battle, the thistle was immediately chosen as a national emblem.
Now, how much of this is truth no-one knows, but we do know that by the 15th century the Scottish thistle was being used as a national emblem.
It appears on silver coins that were issued in 1470 during the reign of King James III (1466 – 1488), and early in the 16th century it became an integral part of Scotlands’ Coat of Arms.
In 1503, the marriage of King James IV of Scotland to Princess Margaret Tudor of England, seems to have been the inspiration behind the poem entitled ‘The Thrissil and The Rois’ (‘The Thistle and The Rose’) penned by the Scottish poet William Dunbar.
The thistle represented King James and the rose represented Princess Margaret.
Toward the middle of the same century, historians believe that Scotlands’ highest chivalric order was founded by King James V (son of King James IV), it’s name was ‘The Order of The Thistle’.
It’s heraldic symbol was, not surprisingly, the humble thistle…..
The official motto of this organization is‘Nemo me impune lacessit’, this Latin translates into ‘No one provokes me with impunity’ (or in Scottish-English ‘ Wha daur meddle wi’ me?’ ) which ties in perfectly with the original legend.
Interestingly, it’s possible that this order had much older roots, because some historians believe that James V was reviving a much more ancient order, one that perhaps dated back as far as the early 9th century.
In which case the thistle would have been represented in Scottish symbolism even earlier than it’s debut as a defender of the realm in the Viking v Scots battle at Largs.
Today the Thistle is seen on everything from sporrans and jewellery to soap and tea-towels, and it’s a Scottish symbol recognized all over the world.
That little weed has come a long way!
This article based on information originally published on ‘ The Scottish thistle – bold and beautiful’